Multifactorial Psychology is a psychological theory developed by Dr. Giulio De Cinti, through over two decades of professional research. This theory analyzes the individual psychic organization and their ways of relational interaction. Studying the behavior of the topics and mechanisms that regulate the human dynamics, an organic vision of the person was formulated and possible ways of relating to others were identified, reaching the definition of a series of personality profiles.
The ways of being (healthy and unhealthy) consist of constant relational predictions that express different visions of the world, different attitudes towards life, the environment, and the Others. Amongst them, there is a substantial distinction: on one side we have the healthy ways of being and on the other the unhealthy ways of being.
The individual: two ways of being
Each person consists of two ways of being: a healthy one and an unhealthy one. Sometimes they use the first, sometimes the second, but they never use them simultaneously. They are alternative, so when one is activated the other is blocked.
The diagram below describes this situation:
Dynamics between the unconscious and the conscious mind
According to Multifactorial Psychology, the conscious and the unconscious minds are not in opposition, but they work together to allow people to live. They have different functions but they both are necessary and complementary.
Unconscious is not a whole, unitary system. Inside it has a clear distinction and a clear contrast between two specific parts: a healthy unconscious and an unhealthy unconscious, which highly influence one another. Between these two parts there is a mutual separation and a disavowal, supported by a security system, which has the function of preventing that emotions which are experienced by the individual as destructive ones to get in contact with the healthy unconscious when this is not able to cope with them. Both parts of the unconscious want the security system to be impeccable and they do not want this to be opened to not put the individual in great danger.
The conscious mind is also divided into two parts: a healthy conscious mind and an unhealthy conscious mind, which highly influence one another. The healthy conscious mind is only related to the healthy unconscious, whereas the unhealthy conscious mind only connects with the unhealthy unconscious. The healthy conscious mind has its foundations in the healthy unconscious, whereas the unhealthy conscious mind has its foundations in the unhealthy unconscious.
Unconscious-conscious mind pairing
The healthy unconscious the healthy conscious minds together constitute the healthy way of being, that is the healthy part of the person, whereas the unhealthy unconscious and the unhealthy conscious minds determine the unhealthy way of being, that is the unhealthy part. This is defined in the table below:
1) Healthy conscious mind;
2) Healthy unconscious; (1 and 2 represent the sound part).
3) Unconscious conscious mind;
4) Unhealthy unconscious; (3 and 4 represent the unhealthy part).
To recap, there is not only a horizontal distinction, between the above and the below parts, between the conscious and the unconscious minds, but also a vertical split, between right and left, between a healthy part (consisting of the healthy unconscious and the healthy conscious minds) and an unhealthy part (composed by the unhealthy unconscious and by the unhealthy conscious minds).
In the relationship between a healthy unconscious and a healthy conscious mind, communication is easy: what is recognized by the conscious mind actually corresponds to what is present in the healthy unconscious, because there is no clear obstacle to the free communication between the two.
In the case of the relationship between the unhealthy unconscious and the conscious mind which is not healthy, the communication is finally prevented: from the influenced unconscious it is impossible to get anything that is intelligible, but only inputs, blocks, prohibitions, orders, are generated so to lead to a certain types of behavior. The true motivations of the behaviors remain inaccessible to the unhealthy conscious mind which, in its function of giving a specific meaning to what the individual does, builds motivations which are finally compatible with the unhealthy image that the individual has about himself. This is exactly the same that happens to an individual who has just gone through post-hypnotic orders: if asked why they kept those behaviors they will give an explanation related to free and conscious choice. The reasons given in these situations, do not correspond to the real ones, which are difficult to predict, but they are also necessary for the individuals to give a specific meaning to their lives.
In the Multifactorial Psychology, therefore, the distinction between healthy and unhealthy is decisive, rather than the distinction between conscious and unconscious.
Therapeutic intervention in Multifactorial Psychology
L’intervento terapeutico nella Psicologia Multifattoriale, allora, non consisterà nel portare alla coscienza ciò che è inconscio, bensì nel potenziare il modo sano di essere (cioè la parte sana) e nel depotenziare il modo non sano di essere (cioè la parte condizionata) che la persona vive.
If you want to deep-dive into the themes of Multifactorial Psychology, you can download a free extract of the “Healthy and unhealthy ways of being“ work, which presents the entire psychological theory and its applications during the therapeutic intervention.