Multifactorial Psychology is a psychological theory that studies individuals’ behaviors and formulates an organic view of the structure of the person and of all the possible ways of relating, which in practice defines a specific personality profile.
In defining the possible ways of being, three different variables have been identified. Each of them contributes in determining the approach of people towards life and thus in composing the structure of the person. This definition helps the definition of multifactorial psychology rise.
The three variables
The human types
They show a natural attitude, which is genetic and which does not determine either the health or the influence on them. There are six different categories and they lead back to different types of natural attitude, according to different inclinations.
They are related to the affiliation and these are variables that can be classified as both healthy and unhealthy.
The healthy mode, which is only one of them, is related to the presence of the feeling of acceptance and free and constant amiability.
The influenced ways are four and they represent four unsuccessful attempts to gain acceptance and amiability (the influenced term is used as a synonym of unhealthy and it is intended to make the connection to negative experiences of childhood as an explicit one, as it continues to have a strong influence on the individual).
They are related to relationship and they can also be healthy or unhealthy.
The healthy style, which is only one of them, is related to the existence of the experience of consideration in the context of mutual recognition.
There are eight different influenced styles and they are related to the eight ineffective strategies to gain attention when there is the fear that this will never be granted.
The different ways of being (both healthy and influenced) consist of three categories: one from the modalities (the healthy one or one of the four conditions), one from the styles (the healthy one or one of the eight influenced) and one out of the six human types.
The structure of healthy and unhealthy ways of being
The ways of being are constituted by a set of three categories, only one for each type: no more than one modality, no more than one style and no more than one human type. It never happens that a healthy modality will associate itself with an influenced style and vice versa.
Healthy ways of being
Healthy modality and healthy style can help building up the six healthy ways of being, associated with the six human types. They are the expression of the different forms of the well-being living together with the others.
Unhealthy ways of being
The four influenced modalities and the eight influenced styles combined with the six human types constitute the numerous unhealthy ways of being (192). They are based on the fear of non-acceptance and non-consideration.
Structure of the person
Any ways of being, therefore, which could be either healthy or unhealthy, is characterized by a human type, a modality and a style, and they constitute the structure of the individual.
The diagram below describes how these categories are present in each individual: within the outer rectangle, which represents the whole individual, there are two smaller rectangles.
The left rectangle contains the two elements that make up the healthy way of being: that is, the healthy modality and the healthy style. The right rectangle contains the two elements that constitute the unhealthy way of being: this is one of the four influenced modalities and one of the eight influenced styles.
To understand an individual, it is necessary to identify the two sets of three made up of each of these three categories. The set of three of the healthy way of being consists of the healthy modality, healthy style and one of the human types. The set of three of the unhealthy way of being is composed by one of the four influenced modalities, by one of the eight influenced styles and by the same human type.
The two sets of three, in one individual, share the same human type. In fact, the human type is included in the intersection of the two different sets. The human type, if activated together with the healthy categories, will be lived in a better way by the individual; on the other hand, if this is activated together with the unhealthy variables, this will be lived in a worse way by the individual.
The two sets of three defined here are one the opposite of the other, and the presence of one excludes the other.
Please see below the diagram explaining the individual’ structure:
The individual will live the healthy modality together with the healthy style and also one of the influenced modalities together with one of the influenced styles. In other words, it is not possible to use a healthy variable together with an influenced one.
If you want to deep-dive into the themes of Multifactorial Psychology, you can download a free extract of the “Healthy and unhealthy ways of being“ work which aims at presenting the entire psychological theory and its applications during the therapeutic intervention.